Like most people in my industry, I use multiple email addresses at multiple providers. Used to be, I could configure all of my email addresses in my mail client and just send through my mail server and -- voila -- my email would go out as whatever address I wanted to use.
Then along came Sender Policy Framework (SPF). SPF is a great email-related technology that is designed to protect the integrity of sending domains. Unfortunately for me, adoption of SPF meant that I could no longer send mail through my mail server using one of my other email addresses. Specifically, I could no longer send mail through my server as my gmail.com or mac.com addresses. I couldn't complain, because my server is an origination point for gmail.com or mac.com.
Fortunately, there's a fix for this: Postfix's "sender_dependent_relayhost_maps" feature.
The idea: configure all of my devices to send mail through my mail server, and to have the mail server itself relay as necessary depending on sending address. My goal: send mail directly if it originates from my domain; relay gmail mail through smtp.gmail.com, and relay iCloud mail through smtp.mail.me.com.
To use that, I defined a few settings in my postfix main.cf file:
smtp_sender_dependent_authentication = yes sender_dependent_relayhost_maps = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/sender_relay smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes smtp_tls_policy_maps = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/tls_policy smtp_tls_security_level = encrypt smtp_use_tls = yes smtp_enforce_tls = yes smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous smtp_sasl_mechanism_filter = plain smtp_sasl_tls_security_options = noanonymous
For my server, smtp_sender_dependent_authentication is not strictly necessary, because I am the only one sending through my mail server. I include it here because it is needed for a more general solution.
The real magic occurs as a result of sender_dependent_relayhost_maps. This setting configures the different relays based on sending address. My sender_relay file looks like this:
firstname.lastname@example.org [smtp.gmail.com] email@example.com [smtp.mail.me.com]:submission
The smtp_sasl_password_maps configuration is also needed because both Gmail and iCloud require authentication before an email can be relayed through their servers. To do this, I have configured application-specific passwords in both systems, and the sasl_passwd file looks like this:
firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com:PASSWORD firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com:PASSWORD
The TLS policy maps are required because the relays require encryption; the tls_policy file's contents are:
[smtp.gmail.com]:587 encrypt [smtp.mail.me.com]:587 encrypt
Of course, you must run postmap on each of these files prior to using them.
On FreeBSD, which is my OS of choice, things were slightly more complicated than they
otherwise might have been. I was not able to use the default postfix package, because it is
not compiled with Cyrus SASL client support. A quick
make configure in
/usr/ports/mail/postfix allowed me to enable Cyrus SASL client support. After a
make install I was ready to test. Many thanks to Brad for
helping me test.
Now I can eliminate all of the extra accounts on all of my devices.